Interview with Dr Claudio Lima, Vice-Chair of the IEEE P2030/TF3 Smart Grid Architecture work group
What is the IEEE 2030 standard and when was it published?
The IEEE announced on September 10, 2011 that the IEEE 2030 standard – Guide for Smart Grid Interoperability of Energy Technology and Information Technology Operation with the Electric Power System (EPS), End-Use Applications, and Loads, had been approved and published.
The new IEEE 2030 standard establishes a globally relevant smart grid interoperability reference model and knowledge base that can be used by utilities that are developing their infrastructure roadmaps, by manufacturers that are planning smart grid systems and applications, by scientists who are conducting research, by governments that are crafting regulations, and by standards development organizations that are writing additional standards for the smart grid.
What is the basic framework for IEEE 2030?
IEEE 2030 is based on a Smart Grid Interoperability Reference Model (SGIRM) and it provides alternative approaches and best practices for smart grid work worldwide, and defines terminology, characteristics, functional performance, evaluation criteria and the application of system engineering principles for smart grid interoperability with end-use applications and loads.
It is based on three smart grid interoperability architecture perspectives, power system (PS-IAP), communications technology (CT-IAP), and information technology interoperability (IT-IAP).
Additionally, it defines reference design tables and the classification of data flow characteristics necessary for interoperability, with emphasis on functional interface identification, logical connections and data flows, communications and linkages, digital information management, cyber-security and power generation usage.
Why is this standard relevant and necessary, and how long has it been in the making?
This is the world’s first end-to-end, system-of-systems, foundational standard that has been created from the ground up to inform smart grid interconnection and interoperability. There is no other such standard that covers smart grid from a systemic and interoperability perspective. It took approximately 2 years in a rapidly paced development environment to create this standard.
The development of IEEE 2030 demanded the integrated contributions of hundreds of people from across the smart grid’s three primary disciplines, power and energy systems, communications and IT. The standard was led by Mr DeBlasio, the IEEE 2030 Working Group chair, chief engineer at the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and IEEE Smart Grid liaison to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
Has the standard been launched anywhere else yet?
The IEEE 2030 team is currently working with several governments to launch this standard globally. It was launched in India in September, in China, and other places around the world. In Brazil, it is expected to be launched during Metering Latin America 2011, promoted and sponsored by the local IEEE team.
How will this impact on the many smart meter rollouts that are going to happen in Brazil soon?
IEEE 2030 is poised to support the accelerated rollout of the smart grid providing a scalable, modular and flexible reference model for utilities, regulators, governments and companies who are developing their smart grid roadmaps.
As we know, the smart grid is a large and complex system of multiple sub-system, protocols and technologies that needs to communicate and interoperate. Although the smart meter is at the “heart” of a smart grid development, it’s only seen as a sub-system among the other entities that comprise the smart grid system. Therefore the most important impact here is to understand that the smart metering programs need to be designed from a systemic perspective, considering all other smart grid applications and sub-systems in order to ensure that the technologies used are interoperable, based on open standards, modular, flexible and easily integrated. This is what IEEE 2030 provides.
What will this mean to the utility industry at large?
It means that the utility industry now has a reference model for the grid they can use, customize, adapt and create modular and flexible designs and roadmaps to meet their particular needs and compare these designs with other utilities best-practices under the same reference model.
What are the next steps for IEEE 2030?
The IEEE 2030 work group has already commenced work on three extensions. These will be more specific standards addressing critical components, issues and sub-systems of the grid.
- IEEE P2030.1 – Guide for Electric-Sourced Transportation Infrastructure, which is intended to establish guidelines that can be used by utilities, manufacturers, transportation providers, infrastructure developers and end users of electric-sourced vehicles and related support infrastructure in addressing applications for road-based personal and mass transportation.
- IEEE P2030.2 – Guide for the Interoperability of Energy Storage Systems Integrated with the Electric Power Infrastructure, which is intended to help users achieve greater understanding of energy storage systems by defining interoperability characteristics of various system topologies and to illustrate how discrete and hybrid systems may be successfully integrated with and used compatibly as part of the electric power infrastructure.
- IEEE P2030.3 – Standard for Test Procedures for Electric Energy Storage Equipment and Systems for Electric Power Systems Applications, which is intended to establish a standard for test procedures around verifying conformance of storage equipment and systems to storage interconnection standards.
Dr Lima is managing director: smart grid communications at Sonoma Innovation. He also serves as a member of the NIST Cybersecurity Smart Grid Architecture, IEEE P2030 Smart Grid Standards Committee and the IEEE Smart Grid Steering Committee.