grid modernisation
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All 50 states have been studied and ranked according to steps made to date in terms of implementing improvements to the distribution grid, accommodating distributed energy resources (DER), adopting demand side management programmes, as well as status of grid reliability.

The criteria were chosen based on their impact on the smart grid deployment in each state, as well as the relationship between the regulations and the smart grid programmes deployed.

Since the smart meter is identified to be the first phase of any smart grid deployment, the grids section of the report is given higher weightage, followed by deployment of DERs and resiliency & reliability.

This is attributed to the fact that growing DERs and power outages drive utilities and other stake holders to focus on grid modernisation.

The final score equals the summation of values each of the states scored under the regulation and data segment.

Factors considered for ranking the states include:

• Does each state have implemented grid modernisation programmes?
• Are there any policies or financial incentives to drive grid modernisation programmes and deployment of distributed energy resources?
• Are there any specified targets for energy efficiency, customer engagement programmes and deployment of DERs?
• What is the nature of these initiatives and modernisation programmes? Rankings are given based on whether it is mandatory or voluntary.

Grid modernisation initiatives (aka smart grid) have been ongoing for nearly over a decade in North America, driven in part by the concern for an aging infrastructure, the ability to manage peak power load, as well as to address growing interest for energy conservation and carbon neutralisation.

The U.S. Grid Modernization Initiatives, 2017 report is available here.